What is Diastema ?
The simplest definition of a diastema is a gap between teeth. The precise terms for a diastema depend on its location.
- Mandibular diastemas are gaps in the lower teeth.
- Midline or median diastemas are a gap between the two front teeth.
Midline diastemas are quite common among young children. It is estimated that 98% of 6-year-olds have midline diastemas in their baby teeth. However, this number decreases to 49% by the ages of 10 and 11 when permanent teeth erupt. Among adolescents, only 7% of teens between the ages of 12 and 18 have midline diastemas.
For this reason, most orthodontists do not recommend kid braces to correct diastemas in young children since the gap may correct itself naturally as children grow. However, because other orthodontic issues (such as a crossbite or crowded bottom teeth) may be present, a visit to a children orthodontist is recommended by the age of 7.